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Agriculture and Horticulture

Maharashtra is a leading State in agriculture. Principal crops grown in the State are rice, jowar, bajra, wheat, tur, mung, urad, gram and other pulses. The State is a major producer of oilseeds. Groundnut, sunflower, soyabean are the major oil seed crops. The important cash crops are cotton, sugarcane, turmeric and vegetables. State is pioneer in onion production in the country. It is today emerging as an important horticultural State in the country. Different types of soil, diverse agro climatic conditions, adequate technical manpower, well developed communication facilities, increasing trend in drip irrigation, green house, use of cool chain facilities and vibrant farmer organisation offer wide opportunities to grow different horticultural crops in the State. Best quality grapes produced in the State are now exported to other countries. Mango, particularly 'Alphanso', grown in Konkan, has already established name in the international market. The State has an area of 13.66 lakh hectares under various fruit crops like mango, banana, orange, grape, cashew nut, etc.

Food Processing

Food processing industries in Maharashtra consists of very basic processing. The main processing industries in the State are in the sectors of sugar, milk, poultry, rice mill, flour mill, meat, edible oil, vanaspati, fruit and vegetable units, milk processing units etc. There exist immense opportunities for modernising food processing units in the State. Rice, wheat, soyabean, jawar, grapes, pomegranates and mangoes are the main crops that are available in the State for primary and secondary process. Similarly, there is a vast potential for development and setting up processing units for tomatoes, onion, cabbage, okra and cauliflower. In particular, fruit juice pulp and concentrated units, winery, distillery, pickles, rice mill, flour mill, dal mill, soyabean extraction and refining units etc. can be set up in the industrial areas of the State.


Maharashtra is a major producer of floriculture products with more than 4000 hectares of area under various flowers. The major traditional flowers grown in Maharashtra are rose, chrysanthemum, marigold, jasmine and tuberose. Whereas, gladioluses, aster, zinnia, Stacie, lilies, gerberas and carnations are grown among the non-traditional flowers. Maharashtra has emerged as a leading State for production, export and consumption of flowers in the country. The most important features of floriculture development in the State is setting up of large number of Export Oriented Units with foreign collaboration and investment. The climate of Pune and Nashik region, facilitate the setting up of such units without heavy investment on environment control. Maharashtra is offering state of the art infrastructure for floriculture industry to grow. Also, peaceful and non-hazardous environment is responsible for successful operation of these units. Besides, the State Government is promoting a Floriculture Park at Talegaon near Pune.